Horses at pasture along the Snake River in Idaho. At this time some ranches along the Snake River could only be reached by boat, or pack string, since trails, not roads were the only means of land transportation.
Drawing depicts the meeting of the expedition party with "a band of about fifty Nez Perce Indians going to hunt. They have from 250 to 300 horses, most of them splendid animals, in fine condition, and with perfectly sound backs. Women and...
Expeditions & surveys; Railroad surveys; Milk River (Mont.)
"The valley of the Milk River is wide and open, with a very heavy growth of cottonwood as far as the eye can reach, which is also to be found along the adjacent shores of the Missouri River." Plate XVIII.
Expeditions & surveys; Railroad surveys; Fort Walla Walla (Wash.)
Fort Walla Walla was first built along the Columbia River by the Northwest Company to act as a trading center. A second fort was built by the Hudson Bay Company prior to 1831 and served as a frontier post protecting their interests. This was...
Expeditions & surveys; Railroad surveys; Fort Okanogan (Wash.)
"Fort Okinakane (Okanogan) is an old and ruinous establishment of the Hudson Bay Company." "The character of the Columbia along the western border of the Spokane Plain and as far as Fort Okinakane (Okanogan) is described as follows:...
Expeditions & surveys; Railroad surveys; Columbia River; Cascade Falls
The Cascade rapids, sometimes referred to as the Cascade Falls. This is an area of rapids in the Columbia River where travelers by boat along the river were forced to either portage boats and supplies or pull boats up with ropes. Plate XLV.